economic new cobblestone high efficiency concentrator manufacturer in manchester

economic new cobblestone high efficiency concentrator manufacturer in manchester

Recent research in Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) is reviewed with the emphases on a range of key systems whose improvement would be likely to lead to improved solar energy conversion efficiency and/or economic viability. These include invertors, concentrators and thermal management systems. Advances in techniques for specific aspects of systems design, installation and operation are also discussed

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Professor Brian Norton is President of Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland’s largest higher education institution. Prior to this appointment he had been Dean of Engineering and Built Environment at University of Ulster. Author or co-author of over 170 journal papers, he has supervised nearly forty doctorates and serves as Associate Editor of “Solar Energy” and on three other editorial boards. He has chaired national (in several countries) and international renewable energy bodies and been invited plenary speaker at numerous international conferences. He chairs Action Renewables. He has doctorates from Cranfield University and University of Nottingham. He is a Fellow of the Irish Academy of Engineering, the Energy Institute, the Institution of Engineers of Ireland and the Higher Education Academy. He is a Chartered Engineer (both in the UK and Ireland). Among his awards are the Napier Shaw Medal of the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers, the Roscoe Award of the Energy Institute and the Honorary Fellowship of the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers. He is an Honorary Professor of University of Ulster and of Harbin Institute of Technology, China. He is currently President of the Solar Energy Society of Ireland

Professor Philip C. Eames is Professor of Renewable Energy and Director of the Centre for Renewable Energy Science and Technology at the University of Loughborough, UK. He was previously Director of the Warwick Institute for Sustainable Energy and Resources (WISER) where he held the Chair of Energy Efficiency and Conservation in the School of Engineering at the University of Warwick, UK. Before this he was Professor of Solar Energy Applications, directed the Centre for Sustainable Technologies and was Director of the Built Environment Research Institute within the School of the Built Environment at the University of Ulster. He has led research that has secured major advances in the dynamic simulation of the thermophysics of a very broad range of building facade components (particularly very-low heat loss glazings and building integrated photovoltaics), thermal energy storage systems and concentrating solar energy collectors. He has also developed new experimental performance characterisation techniques for building components. Professor Eames chairs the Solar Thermal Technical Panel for the World Renewable Energy Congress. He has a B.Sc., in Engineering Mathematics from University of Bristol and a M.Sc., in Energy Conservation and the Environment and PhD in Applied Energy from Cranfield University, UK

enhancing the performance of building integrated

Dr. Tapas Kumar Mallick is a Lecturer in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Heriott–Watt University, Edinburgh UK and Director of Studies of the M.Sc., in Renewable Energy. Previously he was Research Fellow at the School of Engineering, University of Warwick. He received his PhD in Solar Energy Engineering from University of Ulster, UK. He has worked Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India, and University of Ulster, UK, for EPSRC, EU and DTI funding projects. His main research interests include optics, heat transfer, computational fluid dynamics and experimental characterisation of solar energy systems, low-cost solar photovoltaic concentrators, building integrated photovoltaics, concentrating photovoltaic/thermal integrated system, sustainable building components, and fuel cells. He has published over 25 papers. He is a member of the Institute of Physics and of the International Solar Energy Society

Dr. Ming Jun Huang is a Lecturer at the University of Ulster associated with the Centre for Sustainable Technologies. Before this she was a Lecturer in the School of Geography, Archaeology and Earth Resources at the Cornwall Campus of the University of Exeter. Previously she was Research Fellow at the Centre for Sustainable Technologies, School of Built Environment, University of Ulster, UK. Dr Huang received her PhD in Solar Energy Engineering from University of Ulster. Her main research interests include experimental and computational fluid mechanics and heat transfer in solar energy systems, buildings, building components and systems, thermal energy storage and heat pump application. She is a member of the International Solar Energy Society

Dr. Sarah McCormack is a Lecturer in the Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering at Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland. Previously she was a senior researcher at the Dublin Energy Lab Dublin Institute of Technology. She graduated from University of Ulster with a PhD in a novel method for solar concentration using quantum dots collaborating with Imperial College London, Manchester University and BPSolar. After which she worked on EU projects based on evacuated glazing and phase change materials for energy storage. She is involved in a number of research projects including furthering the work on luminescent solar concentrators, combined PV and cellular antenna for building façade integration, investigation of issues relating to building integrated photovoltaic applications such as system optimisation and thermal control and feasibility studies of PV. She is also involved in a multidisciplinary national project on Energy Policy in Domestic Buildings and has recently been awarded funding for ‘Solar Energy Applications and Research Centre’ one of the first in Ireland. She is currently Secretary of the Solar Energy Society of Ireland and national representative of the EU PV Technology Platform Mirror Group

Dr. Jayanta Deb Mondol is a Lecturer in the School of the Built Environment, University of Ulster where previously he was Research Fellow. He completed his PhD in the field of ‘Building-Integrated Photovoltaics’ at University of Ulster. He received B.Sc. (Hons) and M.Sc. degrees in Physics from Visvabharati University, India. He has MTech degree in Energy Science and Technology from Jadavpur University, India. Previously he was Research Associate at the Centre for Sustainable Technologies at University of Ulster, where he was involved in a Household Energy Efficiency Study in Northern Ireland, a study of Innovative in Situ CO2 Capture Technology for Solid Fuel Gasification and Upgrading of High Moisture Low Rank Coal to Hydrogen and Methane. He is involved currently in renewable energy and sustainable development including Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Systems and Vacuum Glazing. He has published over 20 papers

enhancing the performance of building integrated

Professor Yigzaw G. Yohanis teaches and undertakes research in thermal systems engineering at University of Ulster. He served in industry in various senior positions as user and manufacturer of distributed diesel power systems, rural water supply and as manager of research and development. He is a member of University of Ulster’s Built Environment Research Institute. His research interests include thermal modelling, building integrated photovoltaics, solar water pumping, solar thermal heating and cooling of buildings, long-term solar thermal storage and energy in buildings. He has published extensively in leading journals in the field of energy. He is a recipient of a Royal Academy of Engineering award, and is Visiting Professor at Darma Persada University in Jakarta, Indonesia. He has research collaborations in solar thermal, photovoltaics, energy storage, energy in buildings, household energy use and biomass include the Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland; Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia; Oklahoma State University, USA; Northern Ireland Electricity; Imperative Energy, Maynooth, Ireland and Northern Ireland Housing Executive. He has been director of the Energy Design Advice Scheme for Northern Ireland; director of the Engineering Services Training Partnership and an Energy Consultant for the Building Research Establishment

nasa sbir 2021 program solicitations | sbir.gov

NOTE: The Solicitations and topics listed on this site are copies from the various SBIR agency solicitations and are not necessarily the latest and most up-to-date. For this reason, you should use the agency link listed below which will take you directly to the appropriate agency server where you can read the official version of this solicitation and download the appropriate forms and rules.

Digital Transformation is the strategic transformation of an organization's processes and capabilities, driven and enabled by rapidly advancing and converging digital technologies, to dramatically enhance the organization's performance and efficiency. These advancing digital technologies include cloud computing, data analytics, artificial intelligence, blockchain, mobile access, Internet of Things, agile software development and processes, social media, and others. Their convergence is producing major transformations across industries — media and entertainment, retail, advertising, software, publishing, health care, travel, transportation, etc. Through digital transformation, organizations seek to gain or retain their competitive edge by becoming more aware of and responsive to both customer and employee interests, more agile in testing and implementing new approaches, and more innovative and prescient in pioneering the next wave of products and services. Central to the success digital transformation is the pervasive (and often transparent) gathering of data about everything that impacts success--the organization's processes, activities, competencies, products and services, customers, partners, industry, and so on. Organizations can mine this massive, complex, and often unstructured data to develop accurate insights into how to improve organizational performance and efficiency. An organization may also use this data to train machine learning algorithms to automate processes, provide recommendations, or enhance customer experiences. The digital technologies listed above are essential to generate, collect, transform, mine, analyze, and utilize this data across the enterprise. NASA is undertaking a digital transformation journey to enhance mission success and impact. NASA intends to leverage digital transformation to: 

nasa sbir 2021 program solicitations | sbir.gov

Through this topic, NASA is seeking to help explore and develop technologies that may be critical to the Agency's successful digital transformation. Specific innovations being sought in this solicitation are: 

Systems Engineering technology is both a critical capability and a bottleneck for NASA human exploration development. NASA looks to a sustainable return to the Moon to enable future exploration of Mars, components such as Lunar Gateway and Artemis will require partnerships with a wide variety of communities. Building from the success of the international partnerships for International Space Station (ISS), space agencies from multiple governments are looking for roles on the Gateway. A particular focus has been made to include the rapidly growing commercial space industry to provide an important role in supporting a sustained presence on the Moon. All of these potential partners will have their own design capabilities and their own development processes and internal constituencies to support. Integrating and enabling disparate systems built in different locations by different owners to all work cohesively together will require a significant upgrade to the core-systems engineering capabilities

In the last decade, Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) technology has matured as evidenced by the development of Systems Modeling Language (SysML) tools and frameworks that support engineers in development efforts from requirements through hardware and software implementation. MBSE holds considerable promise for accelerating, reducing overhead labor, and improving the quality of systems development. However, a remaining bottleneck is the coordination and integration of system development across distributed organizations, such as the multiple partners developing Lunar Gateway and eventual Mars exploration. This subtopic seeks technology to fill this gap

nasa sbir 2021 program solicitations | sbir.gov

For distributed development, the state of the art tends to be laboriously negotiated interface control documents and manual integration processes that are inherently slow and labor intensive. In an effort to overcome these challenges, MBSE and SysML in particular has seen significant adoption at NASA (Gateway, Resource Prospector, Europa Clipper, Space Communications and Navigation [SCaN], Space Launch System [SLS]) especially after the MBSE Pathfinder (2016/2017) and MBSE Infusion And Modernization Initiative (MIAMI, 2018/2019) studies.  However, these pilot programs and a survey of NASA's use of MBSE conducted by NASA Independent Verification & Validation (IV&V) and Ames Research Center identified critical challenges and factors of concern, including:

With programs such as Gateway and Artemis that require coordination among multiple NASA centers, international space agencies, and commercial partnerships these challenges will be amplified and should be considered when addressing the scope of this subtopic. Tool infrastructures that enable integrated support of requirements tracing, design reference points, intelligent reasoning of data, and interface constructs are generally not available except within proprietary boundaries. We need tools that support integrated development and model sharing across development environments and that support use across multiple vendors

This subtopic would be of relevance to all Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) missions, but of particular interest will be Gateway and Artemis development. Those systems have already adopted the use of MBSE tools and tools sought to help reduce potential system integration bottlenecks. Over the next 3 to 5 years, there will be considerable opportunity for small business contributions to be matured and integrated into the support infrastructure as Gateway evolves from concept to development program. Longer term plans for human exploration, including a sustained lunar presence and manned Mars missions, would benefit from disruptive innovations that improve the entire project life-cycle including mission design, acquisition, development, and deployment

nasa sbir 2021 program solicitations | sbir.gov

The Life Support and Habitation Systems Focus Area seeks key capabilities and technology needs encompassing a diverse set of engineering and scientific disciplines, all which provide technology solutions that enable extended human presence away from Earth, in deep space and on planetary surfaces, such as Moon and Mars. The focus is on those mission systems and elements that directly support astronaut crews, such as Environmental Control and Life Support Systems (ECLSS), Extravehicular Activity (EVA) Systems and Radiation Protection, as well as systems engineering approaches that enable vehicle and system integration

Environmental Control and Life Support Systems encompass process technologies, equipment and monitoring functions necessary to provide and maintain a livable environment within the pressurized cabin of crewed spacecraft, including environmental monitoring, water recycling, waste management and resource recovery. For future crewed missions beyond low-Earth orbit (LEO) and into the solar system, regular resupply of consumables and emergency or quick-return options will not be feasible. Technologies are of interest that enable long-duration, safe and sustainable deep-space human exploration. Special emphasis is placed on developing technologies that will fill existing gaps, reduce requirements for consumables and other resources, including mass, power, volume and crew time, and which will increase safety and reliability with respect to the state-of-the-art. Because spacecraft may not be tended by crew for long periods, systems must be operable after long periods of dormancy or absence of crew

As we consider human missions beyond earth, new technologies must be compatible with attributes of the environments we encounter, including partial gravity, atmospheric pressure and composition, space radiation, and presence of planetary dust.  Portable Life Support System (PLSS) components that require space vacuum, may not operate in the weak carbon dioxide atmosphere on Mars. For astronauts to walk once again on a distant planetary surface, an effective boot must be incorporated into the design of the exploration space suit's pressure garment. Outside of the protection of the Earth's magnetosphere, radiation in deep space will be a challenge. Electronic systems, including processors for high performance computing and power converters, for avionics within spacecraft cabins and space suits, will need to be radiation hardened or otherwise tolerant to the radiation environment. There is a wealth of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware that could potentially be used, but only if tested for tolerance to these environments

nasa sbir 2021 program solicitations | sbir.gov

The current collaborative environment between government, commercial and international sectors will result in the distributed development of human spacecraft elements and systems for human missions of the future, such as Gateway. Their integration may benefit from advances in model based systems engineering approaches.   Please refer to the description and references of each subtopic for further detail to guide development of proposals

With the advent of molecular methods, emphasis is now being placed on nucleic acids to rapidly detect microorganisms. However, the sensitivity of current gene-based microbial detection systems is low (~100 gene copies per reaction), requires elaborate sample process steps, involves destructive analyses, and requires fluids to be transferred and detection systems are relatively large size. Recent advancements in the metabolomics field have potential to substitute (or augment) current gene-based microbial detection technologies that are multistepped, destructive, and labor intensive (e.g., significant crew time). NASA is soliciting nongene-based microbial detection technologies and systems that target microbial metabolites and that quantify the microbial burden of surfaces, air, and water inside for long-duration deep-space habitats

A simple integrated, microbial sensor system that enables sample collection, processing, and detection of microbes or microbial activity of the crew potable water supply is sought. A system that is fully-automated and can be in-line in an Environmental Control and Life Support System- (ECLSS-) like water system is preferred

nasa sbir 2021 program solicitations | sbir.gov

Future crewed habitats in cislunar space will be crew-tended and thus unoccupied for many months at a time. When crew reoccupies the habitat they will want to quickly, efficiently, and accurately assess the microbial status of the habitat surfaces. A microbial assessment/monitoring system or hand-held device that requires little to no consumables is sought

Future human spacecraft, such as Gateway and Mars vehicles, may be required to be dormant while crew is absent from the vehicle, for periods that could last from 1 to 3 years. Before crews can return, these environments must be verified prior to crew return. These novel methods have the potential to enable remote autonomous microbial monitoring that does not require manual sample collection, preparation, or processing

Phase I deliverables: Reports demonstrating proof of concept, test data from proof-of-concept studies, concepts, and designs for Phase II. Phase I tasks should answer critical questions focused on reducing development risk prior to entering Phase II

nasa sbir 2021 program solicitations | sbir.gov

Phase II deliverables: Delivery of technologically mature hardware, including components and subsystems that demonstrate performance over the range of expected spacecraft conditions. Hardware should be evaluated through parametric testing prior to shipment. Reports should include design drawings, safety evaluation, test data, and analysis. Prototypes must be full scale unless physical verification in 1g is not possible. Robustness must be demonstrated with long-term operation and with periods of intermittent dormancy. System should incorporate safety margins and design features to provide safe operation upon delivery to a NASA facility

The state of the art on the International Space Station (ISS) for microbial monitoring is culturing and counting, as well as grab samples that are returned to Earth. NASA has invested in DNA-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) systems, partially robotic in some cases, to eliminate the need for on-orbit culturing. However, a fully automated system is still not ready and there is still a gap for a low- or no-crew time detection system

The technologies requested could be proven on the ISS and would be useful to long-duration human exploration missions away from Earth, where sample return was not possible. The technologies are applicable to Gateway, Lunar surface, and Mars, including surface and transit. This subtopic is directed at needs identified by the Life Support Systems (LSS) Capability Leadership Team (CLT) in areas of water recovery and environmental monitoring, functional areas of ECLSS. The LSS Project is under the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Program, Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD)

nasa sbir 2021 program solicitations | sbir.gov

Current state-of-the-art (SOA) Air Revitalization System (ARS) contaminant-removal systems utilize packed beds. Packed beds have high pressure drop, large void volumes, poor heat management, and poor mechanical stability. Some alternate sorbent technologies (e.g., structural sorbent and monolith) have been proposed previously, but they are at a low TRL and require additional research and development to prove the concepts and resolve scale-up issues. Using robocasting techniques, a type of 3D paste printing, sorbent pastes are used to print sorbent beds with custom flow paths and rod size. With this approach, sorbent beds can be designed and fabricated with controlled pressure drop, tailored flow path, minimized void spaces, good heat management, high mechanical and chemical stability, and optimized structures with high mass transfer. In addition, having the ability to formulate one’s own sorbent paste materials allows variability in binders and co-binder selections for optimal contaminant removal and thermal performance. Previous studies have been completed for a variety of sorbent pastes (activated carbon [Ref. 1], zeolite 13X [Ref. 2], 5A, 4A, polymer, amine functionalized zeolite [Ref. 3], etc.). However, these works did not focus on optimizing the printed structure for cyclic operation and addressing scale-up issues

NASA aims to use the 3D-printed sorbent beds as drop-in replacements for packed sorbent beds such as those found in the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) on the International Space Station (ISS). Using robocasting techniques to print scale-up sorbent beds is also at a low TRL and requires additional development. However, it is the preferred technique over other options (e.g., structured sorbents) because, if successful, the resulting technology will yield equivalent system mass reduction due to better thermal and fluid management and mass transfer properties. Technology solutions could include, but not be limited to, SOA solid sorbent materials such as zeolite 13X, zeolite 5A, silica gel, metal-organic-frameworks (MOFs), and activated carbon. All proposed technologies should address issues related to scale-up, paste formulation, printability, mechanical and hydrothermal stability, system design, and heaters integration. The components used in the paste formulation must abide by spacecraft chemical safety standards. This subtopic is open for novel ideas that address any of the numerous technical challenges listed below for the design and fabrication of printed sorbent beds for humidity and/or CO2 removal. This subtopic does not seek new sorbent chemistries, instead, zeolite paste formulation and paste printing are desired

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