In countries such as Ethiopia, small coffee producers have suffered as a result of the WTO. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, established to facilitate global trade and regulate an international monetary system, have privatized public businesses and removed restrictions on foreign ownership in many developing countries who sign the IMF agreements in order to prevent default on international loans. Signing the IMF also includes a pledge of new loans from private international lenders. As a result, the gross national income in sub-Saharan Africa countries has been devastated, and Africa’s share of world trade has decreased—over the last 20 years, Africa's share of world trade has fallen to one percent, and seven million people in Ethiopia are now dependent on emergency food aid every year. In opening up the global economy, local businesses, such as the coffee farmers portrayed in BLACK GOLD, pay the price.